Modalities

Modalities

Counselling is tailored to the unique needs and values of each client. An integrative and strength based approach is used in therapy. Please see below for more information about primary theoretical orientations.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based form of therapy that focuses on patterns of thinking or behavior that are at the root of people’s difficulties. Research has shown that CBT is an effective treatment for a wide range of problems including anxiety, depression, low self-esteem & anger problems.

CBT is an action oriented form of therapy and clients often learn specific coping skills including: identifying & changing distorted thinking, modifying negative core beliefs, and changing behaviors. CBT is a collaborative approach and is tailored to the specific needs of each client.

Mindfulness

Mindfulness has been described as “paying attention in a particular way, on purpose, in the present moment, and non-judgmentally” by John Kabat Zinn (1994) who is known for introducing the basic concepts of Mindfulness to the Western world [1]. A wide range of mental health issues often stem from ruminating on the past that cannot be changed or worrying about the future.

Mindfulness is a practice that can help you learn how to live in the present moment, relieve stress, and develop deeper connections with people. Mindfulness has been demonstrated to help with a variety of issues including but not limited to: anxiety, depression and stress management.

Narrative Approach

The narrative perspective is an empowering and collaborative approach that separates the person from the problem. This type of therapy encourages people to draw from their own skills and views clients as the experts of their own lives.

The aim is for clients to create more distance from their issues so that they can cope with their problems in a more productive way. Common therapeutic techniques include: externalizing problems, reframing negative events and developing greater self-compassion.

Person Centered Therapy

Person Centered Therapy is a humanistic approach based on the foundation of genuineness, empathy, and unconditional positive regard. This form of therapy was developed by Carl Rogers and is based on the principle that every person has within themselves the capacity for personal growth and change.

This type of therapy aims to empower and motivate clients in the therapeutic process. The specific goals of therapy depend on each client. Some of the general goals of person centered therapy include: facilitating personal growth & development, eliminating feelings of distress, and increasing self-awareness.

Attachment Theory

Attachment Theory originated with the work of John Bolby who studied infant-caregiver attachment relationships. This type of therapy encourages clients to build awareness of their attachment needs and patterns of interaction in close relationships.

Clients often learn to identify and change unhealthy communication patterns, process difficult emotions, and work towards creating stronger and more secure relationships. This therapy approach can be incorporated into both individual and couples counselling sessions.

References:
1. Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go, there you are: Mindfulness meditation in everyday life. New York: Hyperion.